Revenue Recognition (Notes)
|9 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]|
|Revenue from Contract with Customer [Text Block]||
Revenue Recognition and Deferred Revenue
Significant Accounting Policy Update
The Company records revenue based on a five-step model in accordance with ASC 606. The Company's revenue is derived from the sale of products, software, and services identified in contracts. A contract exists when both parties have an approved agreement that creates enforceable rights and obligations, identifies performance obligations and payment terms and has commercial substance. The Company records revenue from these contracts when control of the products or services transfer to the customer. The amount of revenue to be recognized is based upon the consideration, including the impacts of any variable consideration, that the Company expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for these products and services.
The majority of the Company’s revenue is recorded at a point in time from the sale of tangible products. Revenue is recorded when control of the products passes to the customer, dependent upon the terms of the underlying contract. For right-to-use software, revenue is recognized at the point in time the customer has the right to use and can substantially benefit from use of the software. Products regularly include warranties that include bug fixes, and minor updates so that the product continues to function as promised in a dynamic environment, and phone support. These standard warranties are assurance type warranties which do not offer any services beyond the assurance that the product will continue working as specified. Therefore, warranties are not considered separate performance obligations. Instead, the Company accrues the expected cost of warranty. Extended warranties are sold separately with a post contract support (PCS) agreement. PCS revenue is recognized over time during the support period. Revenue from installation services is recognized when the services have been completed or transferred as this is when the customer has obtained control.
The Company has contracts with multiple performance obligations. When the sales agreement involves multiple performance obligations, each obligation is separately identified and the transaction price is allocated based on the amount of consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for transferring the promised good or service to the customer. In most cases, the Company allocates the consideration to each performance obligation based on the relative standalone selling price (RSP) of the distinct performance obligation. In circumstances where RSP is not observable, the Company allocates the consideration for the performance obligations by utilizing the residual approach.
For performance obligations that the Company satisfies over time, revenue is recognized by consistently applying a method of measuring progress toward complete satisfaction of that performance obligation. The Company utilizes the method that most accurately depicts the progress toward completion of the performance obligation. If the measure of remaining rights exceeds the measure of the remaining performance obligations, the Company records a contract asset. Conversely, if the measure of the remaining performance obligations exceeds the measure of the remaining rights, the Company records a contract liability. Contract assets and liabilities related to product returns will be recorded as contract assets and liabilities and presented on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets in Prepaid expenses and other current assets and Deferred revenue, respectively.
Customer billings for services not yet rendered are deferred and recognized as revenue as the services are rendered. The associated deferred revenue is included in Deferred revenue or Deferred revenue non-current, as appropriate, in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Company allows certain customers to return unused product under specified terms and conditions. The Company estimates product returns based on historical sales and return trends and records a corresponding refund liability. The refund liability is included within accrued expenses on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Additionally, the Company records an asset based on historical experience for the amount of product the Company expects to return to inventory as a result of the return, which is recorded in prepaid and other current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Under previous guidance, the Company netted the asset against the refund liability and presented the net refund liability within accrued expenses. The gross product return asset was $0.1 million and $0.1 million at April 1, 2018 and December 31, 2018, respectively.
Financial Statement Impact of Adopting ASC 606
The following table summarizes the changes made to the Company's unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 for the adoption of ASC 606:
The following table summarizes the impacts of adopting ASC 606 on the Company’s unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018:
The following table summarizes the impacts of adopting ASC 606 on the Company’s unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2018:
Practical Expedients and Exemptions
The Company has adopted certain practical expedients available under ASC 606.
The Company adopted the practical expedient to recognize the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as an expense when incurred if the amortization period of the assets that otherwise would have been recognized is one year or less. These costs are included in sales and marketing and general and administrative expenses. If the incremental direct costs of obtaining a contract, which consist of sales commissions, relate to a service recognized over a period longer than one year, costs are deferred and amortized in line with the related services over the period of benefit. As of December 31, 2018, there were no deferred contract costs.
The Company adopted the practical expedient that permits the Company to forego adjusting contract consideration for the effects of any financing component if payments for goods and services are expected to be received one year or less from when control of the goods or services has transferred to the customer. Payment terms vary by customer. Generally, the time between invoicing and when payment is due is not significant. Occasionally, the Company requires customers to make a payment before delivery of the products or services to the customer.
The Company made the accounting policy election to record revenue net of sales taxes. This is consistent with the Company's practice under the previous guidance.
Shipping and Handling
Shipping and handling billed to customers is recorded as revenue. The Company classifies shipping and handling costs associated with both inbound freight and the distribution of finished product to our customers as cost of revenue. This is consistent with the Company's practice under the previous guidance.
Disaggregation of revenue
The following table disaggregates our revenue by major source:
The following is the expected future revenue recognition timing of deferred revenue as of December 31, 2018:
During the nine months ended December 31, 2018, the Company recognized $1.6 million of revenue that was deferred as of the beginning of the period.
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef